The humorous comparison of the evolutionary stages of frogs and philosophers is a topical set piece uniting William Paleys Natural Theology (1802) with George Henry Lewess physiological Studies in Animal Life (1862) and Edward Bulwer-Lyttons satire on evolution in his dystopia The Coming Race (1871). Attention to these seemingly trivial passages not only uncovers direct lines of affiliation between the texts but also helps to differentiate between the three writers ideological stances and their pre-Darwinian, Darwinian and anti-Darwinian theories of evolution and organic development. Moreover, Bulwer-Lyttons novel turns out to be far more detailed in its response to contemporary scientific debates than critics generally assume. B.G. Knepper sums up the critical consensus when listing the novels scientific subject matter: evolution as the basic fact of human development, [...] personal fields of force as the mode of mankinds next evolutionary advance, and [...] electricity as [...] the bridge between body and intellect.