The Enlightenment in Scotland: National and International Perspectives. Ed. Jean-François Dunyach, Ann Thomson (Oxford University Studies in the Enlighten ment). Oxford: Voltaire Foundation – University of Oxford, 2015.
Conventionally understood, the Scottish Enlightenment refers to a group of interconnected Scottish writers of the mid to late eighteenth century, with the leading lights David Hume (A Treatise of Human Nature, 1739/1740; The History of England, 17541762) and Adam Smith (The Theory of Moral Sentiments, 1759; The Wealth of Nations, 1776), surrounded by a number of lesser luminaries such as Francis Hutcheson, Thomas Reid or Lord Kames. This group was affiliated with a trinity of institutions, the Kirk, the universities and the legal system (Jean-François Dunyach and Ann Thomson, Introduction, p. 13), and at its core also occupied with a trinity of disciplines, moral philosophy, history and political economy. As opposed to its radical French counterpart, the Scottish Enlightenment thus tends to be regarded as more moderate.