In the sixties, reception aesthetics had managed to liberate literary studies from divinatory hermeneutics and the aesthetics of expression without, however, falling back onto the turn-of-the-century aesthetics of production. After the author and the text had been at the centre of explaining literary communication, the tables were turned once more, and the focus shifted to the reader. The resulting contextualization of literary texts eventually also widened the definition of text. One of the main concerns reception study explores moving from literary theory to cultural studies is to analyse the readers changing interpretive practices, not theoretical norms or textual figures, to explain a texts changing significance (5). Another question is whether literary study changes the readers beliefs or transforms social life, as Jauss suggested (3).